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Perintah-perintah android yang penting

23 September, 2017 | Tutorial

Perintah-perintah bawaan android ada banyak sekali, beberapa di antaranya penting dan wajib diketahui jika ingin mengoptimalkan penggunaan android sehari-hari, terutama bagi yang sistem androidnya sudah di-root dan menginginkan otomasi yang tidak membutuhkan keterlibatan kita secara manual.

Perintah-perintah tersebut dapat dijalankan melalui aplikasi Terminal atau aplikasi lain yang mampu menjalankan script shell, misalnya : Terminal Emulator, Script Runner, File Explorer (FX), Tasker, dll.

 

Berikut ini adalah beberapa perintah penting tersebut :

 

am

am adalah Activity Manager.

Kegunaan : untuk mengendalikan aktivitas dari aplikasi yang terinstal.

u0_a13@android:/ $ am

usage: am [subcommand] [options]


am start [-D] [-W] [-P <FILE>] [--start-profiler <FILE>] [--R COUNT] [-S] [--opengl-trace] [--user <USER_ID> | current] <INTENT>
am startservice [--user <USER_ID> | current] <INTENT>
am force-stop [--user <USER_ID> | all | current] <PACKAGE>
am kill [--user <USER_ID> | all | current] <PACKAGE>
am kill-all
am broadcast [--user <USER_ID> | all | current] <INTENT>
am instrument [-r] [-e <NAME> <VALUE>] [-p <FILE>] [-w] [--user <USER_ID> | current] [--no-window-animation] <COMPONENT>
am profile start [--user <USER_ID> current] <PROCESS> <FILE>
am profile stop [--user <USER_ID> current] [<PROCESS>]
am dumpheap [--user <USER_ID> current] [-n] <PROCESS> <FILE>
am set-debug-app [-w] [--persistent] <PACKAGE>
am clear-debug-app
am monitor [--gdb <port>]
am screen-compat [on|off] <PACKAGE>
am display-size [reset|WxH]
am display-density [reset|DENSITY]
am to-uri [INTENT]
am to-intent-uri [INTENT]
am switch-user <USER_ID>
am stop-user <USER_ID>

am start: start an Activity. Options are:
-D: enable debugging
-W: wait for launch to complete
--start-profiler <FILE>: start profiler and send results to <FILE>
-P <FILE>: like above, but profiling stops when app goes idle
-R: repeat the activity launch <COUNT> times. Prior to each repeat,
the top activity will be finished.
-S: force stop the target app before starting the activity
--opengl-trace: enable tracing of OpenGL functions
--user <USER_ID> | current: Specify which user to run as; if not
specified then run as the current user.

am startservice: start a Service. Options are:
--user <USER_ID> | current: Specify which user to run as; if not
specified then run as the current user.

am force-stop: force stop everything associated with <PACKAGE>.
--user <USER_ID> | all | current: Specify user to force stop;
all users if not specified.

am kill: Kill all processes associated with <PACKAGE>. Only kills.
processes that are safe to kill -- that is, will not impact the user
experience.
--user <USER_ID> | all | current: Specify user whose processes to kill;
all users if not specified.

am kill-all: Kill all background processes.

am broadcast: send a broadcast Intent. Options are:
--user <USER_ID> | all | current: Specify which user to send to; if not
specified then send to all users.

am instrument: start an Instrumentation. Typically this target <COMPONENT>
is the form <TEST_PACKAGE>/<RUNNER_CLASS>. Options are:
-r: print raw results (otherwise decode REPORT_KEY_STREAMRESULT). Use with
[-e perf true] to generate raw output for performance measurements.
-e <NAME> <VALUE>: set argument <NAME> to <VALUE>. For test runners a
common form is [-e <testrunner_flag> <value>[,<value>...]].
-p <FILE>: write profiling data to <FILE>
-w: wait for instrumentation to finish before returning. Required for
test runners.
--user <USER_ID> | current: Specify user instrumentation runs in;
current user if not specified.
--no-window-animation: turn off window animations will running.

am profile: start and stop profiler on a process. The given <PROCESS> argument
may be either a process name or pid. Options are:
--user <USER_ID> | current: When supplying a process name,
specify user of process to profile; uses current user if not specified.

am dumpheap: dump the heap of a process. The given <PROCESS> argument may
be either a process name or pid. Options are:
-n: dump native heap instead of managed heap
--user <USER_ID> | current: When supplying a process name,
specify user of process to dump; uses current user if not specified.

am set-debug-app: set application <PACKAGE> to debug. Options are:
-w: wait for debugger when application starts
--persistent: retain this value

am clear-debug-app: clear the previously set-debug-app.

am bug-report: request bug report generation; will launch UI when done to select where it should be delivered.
am monitor: start monitoring for crashes or ANRs.
--gdb: start gdbserv on the given port at crash/ANR

am screen-compat: control screen compatibility mode of <PACKAGE>.

am display-size: override display size.

am display-density: override display density.

am to-uri: print the given Intent specification as a URI.

am to-intent-uri: print the given Intent specification as an intent: URI.

am switch-user: switch to put USER_ID in the foreground, starting
execution of that user if it is currently stopped.

am stop-user: stop execution of USER_ID, not allowing it to run any
code until a later explicit switch to it.

<INTENT> specifications include these flags and arguments:
[-a <ACTION>] [-d <DATA_URI>] [-t <MIME_TYPE>]
[-c <CATEGORY> [-c <CATEGORY>] ...]
[-e|--es <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_STRING_VALUE> ...]
[--esn <EXTRA_KEY> ...]
[--ez <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_BOOLEAN_VALUE> ...]
[--ei <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_INT_VALUE> ...]
[--el <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_LONG_VALUE> ...]
[--ef <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_FLOAT_VALUE> ...]
[--eu <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_URI_VALUE> ...]
[--ecn <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_COMPONENT_NAME_VALUE>]
[--eia <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_INT_VALUE>[,<EXTRA_INT_VALUE...]]
[--ela <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_LONG_VALUE>[,<EXTRA_LONG_VALUE...]]
[--efa <EXTRA_KEY> <EXTRA_FLOAT_VALUE>[,<EXTRA_FLOAT_VALUE...]]
[-n <COMPONENT>] [-f <FLAGS>]
[--grant-read-uri-permission] [--grant-write-uri-permission]
[--debug-log-resolution] [--exclude-stopped-packages]
[--include-stopped-packages]
[--activity-brought-to-front] [--activity-clear-top]
[--activity-clear-when-task-reset] [--activity-exclude-from-recents]
[--activity-launched-from-history] [--activity-multiple-task]
[--activity-no-animation] [--activity-no-history]
[--activity-no-user-action] [--activity-previous-is-top] [--activity-reorder-to-front] [--activity-reset-task-if-needed]
[--activity-single-top] [--activity-clear-task]
[--activity-task-on-home]
[--receiver-registered-only] [--receiver-replace-pending]
[--selector]
[<URI> | <PACKAGE> | <COMPONENT>]

 

getevent

Kegunaan : untuk menunggu & menerima input (sentuhan / tombol) dari pengguna

u0_a13@android:/ # getevent -help


Usage:

getevent [-t] [-n] [-s switchmask] [-S] [-v [mask]] [-d] [-p] [-i] [-l] [-q] [-c count] [-r] [device]
-t: show time stamps
-n: don't print newlines
-s: print switch states for given bits
-S: print all switch states
-v: verbosity mask (errs=1, dev=2, name=4, info=8, vers=16, pos. events=32, props=64)
-d: show HID descriptor, if available
-p: show possible events (errs, dev, name, pos. events)
-i: show all device info and possible events
-l: label event types and names in plain text
-q: quiet (clear verbosity mask)
-c: print given number of events then exit
-r: print rate events are received

 

input

Kegunaan : untuk simulasi input otomatis yang tidak melibatkan interaksi dari pengguna.

u0_a13@android:/ $ input

usage:

input ...
input text <string>
input keyevent <key code number or name>
input [touchscreen|touchpad] tap <x> <y>
input [touchscreen|touchpad] swipe <x1> <y1> <x2> <y2>
input trackball press
input trackball roll <dx> <dy>

 

pm

pm adalah Package Manager.

Kegunaan : untuk mengendalikan keberadaan aplikasi yang terinstal maupun akan diinstal.

u0_a13@android:/ $ pm

usage:

pm list packages [-f] [-d] [-e] [-s] [-3] [-i] [-u] [--user USER_ID] [FILTER]
pm list permission-groups
pm list permissions [-g] [-f] [-d] [-u] [GROUP]
pm list instrumentation [-f] [TARGET-PACKAGE]
pm list features
pm list libraries
pm list users
pm path PACKAGE
pm install [-l] [-r] [-t] [-i INSTALLER_PACKAGE_NAME] [-s] [-f]
[--algo <algorithm name> --key <key-in-hex> --iv <IV-in-hex>]
[--originating-uri <URI>] [--referrer <URI>] PATH
pm uninstall [-k] PACKAGE
pm clear [--user USER_ID] PACKAGE
pm enable [--user USER_ID] PACKAGE_OR_COMPONENT
pm disable [--user USER_ID] PACKAGE_OR_COMPONENT
pm disable-user [--user USER_ID] PACKAGE_OR_COMPONENT pm grant PACKAGE PERMISSION
pm revoke PACKAGE PERMISSION
pm set-install-location [0/auto] [1/internal] [2/external]
pm get-install-location
pm set-permission-enforced PERMISSION [true|false]
pm trim-caches DESIRED_FREE_SPACE
pm create-user USER_NAME
pm remove-user USER_ID
pm get-max-users

pm list packages: prints all packages, optionally only
those whose package name contains the text in FILTER. Options:
-f: see their associated file.
-d: filter to only show disbled packages.
-e: filter to only show enabled packages.
-s: filter to only show system packages.
-3: filter to only show third party packages.
-i: see the installer for the packages.
-u: also include uninstalled packages.

pm list permission-groups: prints all known permission groups.

pm list permissions: prints all known permissions, optionally only
those in GROUP. Options:
-g: organize by group.
-f: print all information.
-s: short summary.
-d: only list dangerous permissions.
-u: list only the permissions users will see.

pm list instrumentation: use to list all test packages; optionally
supply <TARGET-PACKAGE> to list the test packages for a particular
application. Options:
-f: list the .apk file for the test package.

pm list features: prints all features of the system.

pm list users: prints all users on the system.

pm path: print the path to the .apk of the given PACKAGE.

pm install: installs a package to the system. Options:
-l: install the package with FORWARD_LOCK.
-r: reinstall an exisiting app, keeping its data.
-t: allow test .apks to be installed.
-i: specify the installer package name.
-s: install package on sdcard.
-f: install package on internal flash.
-d: allow version code downgrade.

pm uninstall: removes a package from the system. Options:
-k: keep the data and cache directories around after package removal.

pm clear: deletes all data associated with a package.

pm enable, disable, disable-user: these commands change the enabled state
of a given package or component (written as "package/class").

pm grant, revoke: these commands either grant or revoke permissions
to applications. Only optional permissions the application has
declared can be granted or revoked.

pm get-install-location: returns the current install location.
0 [auto]: Let system decide the best location
1 [internal]: Install on internal device storage
2 [external]: Install on external media

pm set-install-location: changes the default install location.
NOTE: this is only intended for debugging; using this can cause
applications to break and other undersireable behavior.
0 [auto]: Let system decide the best location
1 [internal]: Install on internal device storage
2 [external]: Install on external media

pm trim-caches: trim cache files to reach the given free space.

pm create-user: create a new user with the given USER_NAME,
printing the new user identifier of the user.

pm remove-user: remove the user with the given USER_IDENTIFIER,
deleting all data associated with that user

 

screencap

Kegunaan : untuk mengambil & menyimpan screenshot.

u0_a13@android:/ $ screencap -h

usage:

screencap [-hp] [-d display-id] [FILENAME]
-h: this message
-p: save the file as a png.
-d: specify the display id to capture, default 0.
If FILENAME ends with .png it will be saved as a png.
If FILENAME is not given, the results will be printed to stdout.

 

service

Kegunaan : untuk mengakses servis-servis yang sedang berjalan.

u0_a13@android:/ $ service

Usage:

service [-h|-?]
service list
service check SERVICE
service call SERVICE CODE [i32 INT | s16 STR] ...
Options:
i32: Write the integer INT into the send parcel.
s16: Write the UTF-16 string STR into the send parcel.

 

settings

Kegunaan : untuk melihat dan atau mengubah pengaturan smartphone.

u0_a13@android:/ $ settings


usage:

settings [--user NUM] get namespace key
settings [--user NUM] put namespace key value

'namespace' is one of {system, secure, global}, case-insensitive
If '--user NUM' is not given, the operations are performed on the owner user.

 

su

Kegunaan : untuk mendapatkan akses root/superuser/admin.

u0_a13@android:/ $ su -h

Usage:

su [options] [LOGIN]

Options:
-c, --command COMMAND pass COMMAND to the invoked shell
-h, --help display this help message and exit
-v, --version display version number (Compat. with SuperUser)
-V display version code (Compat. with SuperUser)
-s, --shell SHELL use SHELL instead of the default in passwd

 

top

Kegunaan : untuk menampilkan proses & thread yang sedang berjalan.

u0_a13@android:/ $ top -h

Usage:

top [ -m max_procs ] [ -n iterations ] [ -d delay ] [ -s sort_column ] [ -t ] [ -h ]
-m num Maximum number of processes to display.
-n num Updates to show before exiting.
-d num Seconds to wait between updates.
-s col Column to sort by (cpu,vss,rss,thr).
-t Show threads instead of processes.
-h Display this help screen.

 

umount

Kegunaan : untuk melepaskan (unmount/eject) device filesystem/penyimpanan/partisi.

u0_a13@android:/ $ umount

usage :

umount <path>

 

 

Nah itu tadi adalah beberapa perintah penting yang wajib diketahui dan dikuasai.

Perintah-perintah lainnya apa saja bisa dilihat langsung di lokasi penyimpanan file binarynya, yaitu di /system/bin.

Silakan coba jalankan sendiri perintah-perintah yang lain dan baca dengan cermat fasilitas helpnya agar tidak salah eksekusi dan menyesal kemudian.

 

Ketahui juga perintah-perintah dasar android, biar nggak malu-maluin :

http://www.caragokil.com/2016/12/kumpulan-code-dan-fungsi-aplikasi.html

http://ithinx09.blogspot.co.id/2014/08/perintah-terminal-emulator-android.html

http://net-tor.blogspot.co.id/2014/12/perintah-dasar-pada-terminal-emulator.html

https://jalantikus.com/tips/perintah-dasar-linux/

http://moveschoolit.blogspot.co.id/2013/09/100-perintah-dasar-linux.html

https://pemula.linux.or.id/programming/bash-shell.html

 

SELAMAT MENCOBA !!!